Sights of Crimea

Main Religions in Crimea

The Russian Orthodox church
Christianity itself came to the Crimea around the first century A.D. as a result of expelled first Christian missionaries fleeing the Roman Empire. The Crimea, although under Roman rule at the time, was far enough away from Roman influence, the missionaries found the freedom to practice their Christian faith in safety




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The Russian Orthodox church is more than one thousand years old. Originally, the Orthodox Religion came to the Crimea first, and then spread throughout Russia. In the 6th century, there were many Greek Byzantine monasteries in the area. The Byzantine's greatest mission outreach, was to the area's as Kievan Rus. Christianity was introduced into Kievan Rus by Greek missionaries from Byzantium in the 9th century. 

Grand prince Vladimir of Novgorod sent agents to investigate the four principal faiths of the time: Islam, Judaism, Roman Catholicism, and Eastern Orthodox Christianity. In awe of the Byzantine Orthodox service, the agents reported back to the Prince and Vladimir ordered his people christened immediately, using force if necessary. Vladimir himself was christened in the Crimean city of Chersoneses in 988. 

The Orthodox Religion grew strong throughout the land, with many chapels and monasteries. Some monasteries were designed to also serve as fortifications. The faith was kept strong, despite being under Turkish rule for 300 years.

 

 

 

 


      

 


Roman Catholicism


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Italians from Genoa  brought their religion, Roman Catholicism, to this land. 

Islam

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The Turks brought Islam to Crimea, and it is the main religion among the Tatar people in the Crimea today.

 

 

Karaim  Jewish   Religion

The Karaims were descendants from a mixture of Tatars and Middle Eastern Jews. In the ninth century, the Khazarian royalty and nobility as well as a significant portion of the Khazarian Turkish population embraced the Jewish religion. After their conversion, the Khazars were ruled by a succession of Jewish kings and began to adopt the hallmarks of Jewish civilization, including the Torah, the Hebrew script, and the observance of Jewish holidays. They are called "Karaims". 

The Crimea is truly a crossroads of religion, as a result of the number of nationalities that co-existed through the centuries. ..

Lana Smith 

 

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